Skip to main content

Copper Inscription: A Historical View




Here's an interesting artifact that is in no way related to other ancient Filipino artifacts we know today. Hector Santos, a Filipino History enthusiast, mentioned that this black copper piece of metal later known as the "The Laguna Copperplate Inscription" was accidentally unearthed in 1989 by a man who is dredging sands alongside the shore of Lumbang River where it emptied into Laguna de Ba'y.

As to how it is being passed down until it was brought to the National Museum of the Philippines is intriguing. Let's just put it as a history.
Almost all of our artifacts containing incantations,poems,chants or what have you where burned down to ashes by this Spanish friars thinking that they are evil inspired. Unfortunately, we only have a handful of these artifacts that's preserve now.

We've lost a significant contact with our brothers in SE Asia primarily because of the impact of Spanish colonization where nothing was left for us to be really identified as "Filipino".

Original transcription by Hector Santos and translation by Antoon Postma:

Line 1:

swasti shaka warshatita 822 waisakha masa ding jyotisha. chaturthi krishnapaksha so-

Hail! In the Saka-year 822; the month of March-April; according to the astronomer: the 4th day of the dark half of the moon; on

Line 2:
mawara sana tatkala dayang angkatan lawan dengannya sanak barngaran si bukah

Monday. At that time, Lady Angkatan together with her relative, Bukah by name,

Line 3:
anakda dang hwan namwaran di bari waradana wi shuddhapat(t)ra ulih sang pamegat senapati di tundu-

the child of His Honor Namwran, was given, as a special favor, a document of full acquittal, by the Chief and Commander of Tundun,

Line 4:
n barja(di) dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah jayadewa. di krama dang hwan namwaran dengan dang kaya-

the former Leader of Pailah, Jayadewah. To the effect that His Honor Namwran, through the Honorable Scribe

Line 5:
stha shuddha nu di parlappas hutangda wale(da)nda kati 1 suwarna 8 di hadapan dang hwan nayaka tuhan pu-

was totally cleared of a debt to the amount of 1 kati and 8 suwarna (weight of gold), in the presence of His Honor the Leader of Puliran,

Line 6:
liran ka sumuran. dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah barjadi ganashakti. dang hwan nayaka tu-

Kasumuran; His Honor the Leader of Pailah, namely: Ganasakti; (and) His Honor the Leader

Line 7:
han binwangan barjadi bishruta tathapi sadanda sanak kaparawis ulih sang pamegat de-

of Binwangan, namely: Bisruta. And (His Honor Namwran) with his whole family, on orders by the Chief of Dewata,

Line 8:
wata [ba]rjadi sang pamegat medang dari bhaktinda di parhulun sang pamegat. ya makanya sadanya anak

representing the Chief of Mdang, because of his loyalty as a subject (slave?) of the Chief, therefore all the descendants

Line 9:
chuchu dang hwan namwaran shuddha ya kaparawis di hutangda dang hwan namwaran di sang pamegat dewata. ini gerang

of His Honor Namwran have been cleared of the whole debt that His Honor owed the Chief of Dewata. This (document) is (issued) in case

Line 10:
syat syapanta ha pashchat ding ari kamudyan ada gerang urang barujara welung lappas hutangda dang hwa ...

there is someone, whosoever, some time in the future, who will state that the debt is not yet acquitted of His Honor...









Comments

jane said…
ang hirap naman intidhin. it's looks very ancient and one of a kind talaga.
AMAZING!!! I really thought that we lost every historical artifact to the Spaniards through their colonization! I am really amazed right now.
john day said…
actually, almost all of our artifacts/documents/relics containing incantations/poems/chants or what have you were burned down to ashes by this spanish friars thinking that they are evil inspired.

In fact, our Tagalog language has it's own writing system that was also abolished by these friars by replacing romanized form of Tagalog.
Unfortunately, we only have a handful of these artifacts that's preserve now.

It's very disheartening to know that we live in SE Asia but our culture has been alienated with the culture of our SEAsian brothers.
o nga e! argh... y they have to do that! (I know y, but thinking about it makes me mad. grrr... ) hehehe ^.~
john day said…
i share the sentiments too, hehe. that's how history taught us and we have to deal with it. look at the thais, the viets, japs, malaysians etc. far better than ours in terms of national identity (i'm not being pitiful) but that's reality.
john day said…
Do I sound like a mind with a colonial mentality? either way, I am not. I'm proud to be PINOY!!..hehe

Popular posts from this blog

Mandaya Dagmay Weaving

The Mandaya is one of Mindanao’s surviving minority tribes of the Philippines. They live in the mountainous areas above the coastal town of Davao Oriental particularly in Boston, Cateel, Bagangga, Caraga and Manay. For many generations the Mandaya have woven cloth from fibers of native abaca tree, a variety of the banana family, which is abundant in the region. The finest grade of hemp extracted from abaca stalks is stripped pounded, combed then prepared for dyeing by tying thus, the word tie-dye. The dyes are made from mud, root and other organic materials. This cloth is known locally as dagmay. It is distinguished from other tribal weaving by the intricate figures and patterns depicting the folklores and religion of the tribe. The Mandaya have carried the human and crocodile motifs to their highest expression. The crocodile is held sacred as shown by the frequency with which it appears in their decorative design. This art is handed down from generation. There is no patterns copy. E…

Who are the Mandayas?

1. Mandaya, literally means “upstream or upland dweller”, is one of the natives in Eastern Mindanao particularly the province of Davao Oriental. The typical Mandaya has a fair complexion, black sawed teeth, relatively well-defined nose and, sometimes, aquiline.

Beliefs 2. The Mandayas believed on the two-fold principles of good and evil, which are represented by the good gods Mansilatan and Badla (father and son), and Pundaugnon and Malimbong (husband and wife) as the evil gods.
Dagmay Weaving and Rituals

3.Known for their artistic embroidery, hand-woven costumes (dagmay) and animistic rituals, the Mandayas have distinctive literary and ritualistic devices to celebrate their tribal life and belief in the form of bayok (epic song or impromptu incantation), dawot (love song), uyog-uyog (lullaby) and ritualistic dance headed by the balyan or babailan (high priest or priestess) similar to shaman.

The Bird of Omen

4.The limocon or limoken, an endangered specie in the eastern part of Davao, is a…

Oyog-oyog: a Lullaby

Mandayas are known to be be music lovers. The folk songs reflects their intimate relationship with Mother earth and the attitude they have towards the environment and the world. Oyog-oyog is a folk song that deals with Pagka-iso (Childhood) and Gugma nang Ginikanan (Parental Love). Here's an Oyog-oyog:

Oyog-oyog, mag oyog-oyog . . .
Masinga nang Bullawan
Diyanay yagadadallawon
Baan sumngaw makawong
Dumallaw makagwa
Walla kaw sa pangubsa
Walla kaw sa pangkawasa,
Nang mallugon diabongan mo
Magaon na siollambodan mo;
Malaygon sa gigiba
Pugtok sa llollumpasi.

Walla sa pangungubsa
Wa sa pangawasa;

Awson pagpaka-indo
Ubson magpakagawa.

La - la - la- la - larin - larin . . .